Map: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
This photograph of northeast India and a small part of the Tibetan Plateau of
China provides a view of various landforms. Visible is a segment of the
east-west trending Himalayas, with many ridgelines and peaks exceeding 6095
meters. These mountains were created by the dramatic collision of the
Australian-Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The water levels of numerous
blue lakes on the high plateau of Tibet are primarily maintained by melt water
from the snow and glaciers of the high Himalayas. Immediately north of these
lakes, elevations rise to more than 4710 meters. In contrast to the arid Tibetan
Plateau is the Brahmaputra River valley of northeast India. Most of the rainfall
occurs in the Brahmaputra valley during the monsoon season of northeast India.
The Brahmaputra River with its braided multichannels bends south around the Kasi
Hills of northeast India. A small part of the highly populated Ganges River
Plain is visible along the southern edge of the photograph (NASA, December
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